Factual Diabetes Mellitus Symptoms

Diabetes Mellitus Symptoms

- Diabetes mellitus is a long-term or chronic disease that is characterized by blood glucose levels that are far above normal. Glucose is essential for our health because it is the main source of energy for the brain as well as the cells that make up the muscles and tissues in our body. This disease has two main types, namely type 1 and type 2 Diabetes.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

It is very important for us to know the early symptoms of diabetes. Good for high risk as well as for those who feel healthy and do not have a history or potential for serious diabetes. Type 1 diabetes can develop rapidly in the last few weeks, even a few days.

The Difference of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

While many type 2 diabetics do not realize that they have suffered from diabetes for many years because the symptoms tend to be non-specific.
Some of the symptoms of diabetes type 1 and type 2 are:
  1. Often feel thirsty.
  2. Frequent urination, especially at night.
  3. Extreme hunger.
  4. The drop in weight without a clear reason.
  5. Decreased muscle mass.
  6. There are ketones in the urine. Ketones are a byproduct of the metabolism of muscle and fat that occurs when insulin production is not enough.
  7. Fatigue.
  8. The views blur.
  9. Old wounds are cured.
  10. Often experience an infection, for example in the gums, skin, vagina or urinary tract.
If any of these symptoms occur, check with your doctor immediately. Early detection helps us prevent the increased severity of the state of diabetes.

Hormonal effects of insulin and diabetes

The whole cell of the human body needs glucose to be able to operate normally. The level of sugar in the blood is usually controlled by the pancreas, the hormone generated by the organs in the back of the stomach by insulin.

However, the pancreatic organs of diabetic patients were not able to produce the insulin of the hormone as needed in the body. Without insulin, cells in the body cannot absorb glucose and metabolize energy.

Diabetes Type 1 Overview

The immune system of type 1 diabetes is very dependent on insulin to attack and destroy the pancreas cells that produce insulin. This caused damage to the organs in the body and led to an increase in glucose levels. So far, the cause of type 1 diabetes is not known for certain.

These types of diabetics are generally elderly under the age of forty and one usually appears in adolescents or children. Therefore, diabetic type 1 diabetes is also referred to as a child.

Type 1 diabetes occurs less often than type 2 diabetes. Among the ten people who are diabetic, it is estimated that only about two people have type one.

In addition to insulin injections that must be obtained per day, type diabetics also recommend that you maintain a balanced blood glucose level with it. For example, apply a healthy diet pattern and undergo a blood test on a daily basis.

Overview of type 2 Diabetes mellitus

Type 2 diabetes is a kind of diabetes that is more common. About ninety percent of diabetic patients in the world have diabetes types.

This type of diabetes is caused by the lack of insulin production in the body or the somatic cells become sensitive to insulin. This condition of cells in the body are known as insulin resistance.

This type of symptoms of diabetic patients can usually be controlled by a healthy diet and monitor the value of glucose in the blood. However, keep vigilant because this disease thrives in the body and will require gradual treatment.

    Read also: Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is often associated with obesity. It is not the person who suffered from obesity automatically suffer from type 2 diabetes. However, the mass index of a person’s body is higher, then the risk of this type of diabetes is also increasing. Diabetes by obesity usually beats the elderly.

Risk of Gestational diabetes

Diabetes also hit the mother who gets well. Some women who have levels of glucose in the blood are very high during pregnancy, so their body cannot produce enough insulin to subdue them. Gestational diabetes, known as diabetes, can occur under about 15 to 18 people and 100 women are expectant mothers.

Gestational Type 1 diabetics will also be at high risk because it can affect the mother and fetus. It is very important for diabetic patients during pregnancy to keep their blood sugar balance.

A pregnant mother should monitor the blood sugar level more closely during the second trimester (14-26 weeks). During this pregnancy, diabetes develops successfully and disappears after birth. However, the risk of type 2 diabetes in women who experience gestational diabetes is about three times higher than the general population.